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Linux Rsync like Windows Robocopy mirror command examples

by Mountain Computers Inc., Publication Date: Wednesday, July 15, 2020
View Count: 491, Keywords: Robocopy, Rsync, Windows 10, Linux Mint 20, Hashtags: #Robocopy #Rsync #Windows10 #LinuxMint20



For those of you like me who like to use command line utilities and procedures for data transfers and backups, here are my examples for Robocopy utility and Rsync.
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Robocopy
 
Example: This is my command prompt on C: is located a c:\users\andyf, and my command prompt when I switch to the x: drive (external 2TB drive) is on x:\backup\andyf
 
source: c:\users\andyf
destination x:\backup\andyf
 
the command I type is very specific. The source and destination drive letters have to be in the right directory location for this to work (safely). The command is as follows:
 
       robocopy c: x: /mir /w:0 /r:0 /xj /xd appdata /xf nt*.* /copy:dat /dcopy:t
 
note: the only thing inside AppData that I need and exclude it is the brookmarks and passwords and maybe legacy Microsoft Office PST files. Bookmarks and Passwords for browsers I use to manually copy over, for example: Firefox logins.json key3.db and key4.db and Chrome was Users Default yet Chrome is finicky and faulty so just cloud sync your profiles in both.
 
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Rsync
 
Example: This is the terminal command I type for the following drive source and destination. I have a 1TB NVMe m.2 where Linux Mint is installed and I have an internal 4TB WD Red SATA6 drive. My home directory is on the 1TB at /home/andyf and my destination is on the mount for /media/andyf/4TBdata/andyhome
 
(base) andyf@MTN-SYS:~$ sudo rsync -av --delete /home/andyf /media/andyf/4TBdata/andyhome
 
You should use SUDO in your command. Otherwise the --delete will not work. If you don't use SUDO in your command type in your password, the --delete will not remove your exceed files.
 
here is the stripped down results of my mounts:
/dev/nvme0n1p1 on / type ext4 (rw,relatime,errors=remount-ro)
/dev/sda1 on /media/andyf/4TBdata type ext4 (rw,relatime)
 
more to come...

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